Yes, there are many different forms of control.  Not all of these use feedback.

One example is feedforward control.  Feedforward does not use a measured output, it uses one or more measured inputs.  If we were to apply feedforward to the room heating system in Chapter 1, we might measure the outside tmeperature, wind velocity and wind direction.  With these measured values and a model of the heat transfer, we could calculate an estimated value of the heating needed, and adjust the fuel to the furnance based on the estimated value.

Since feedforward does not measure the output, we will not achieve the desired value.  The deviation from the desired value depends on the measurement accuracy and the model accuracy.

Feedforward control is a valuable enhancement to feedback.   Feedforward control is explained in Chapter 15 along with many chemical engineering examples.